Git allows joining unrelated repositories via remotes which, in turn, allows moving files and change history between them.
Some cases when this might be needed:
- Extract part of a big repository into a separate repository, preserving change history
- Splitting big repository to a set of smaller repositories
- Merge smaller repository into a bigger one (merge in library from the external repository)
Preserving the history has an important effect: after we do the change, for example, extract a part of a bigger repository into a separate repository, we can continue moving changes between them (merge updates from the big repository to the small one and back).
Below, I am assuming the first case (extract part of the big repository), other cases can be implemented with similar technique.
Assuming we have a source (upstream) repository and we want to extract a top-level
/lib folder into a separate repository, first, create a destination repository:
mkdir dest-repo cd dest-repo git init
Add a main repository as remote and checkout master branch:
git remote add -f upstream firstname.lastname@example.org:myaccount/main.git git checkout -b upstream_master upstream/master git subtree split --prefix=lib/ -b upstream_lib
What we do above is: add the source (upstream) repository as a remote, checkout its
master branch to the destination repository and then use
git subtree split to create
upstream_master_lib branch containing only
/lib folder with all the change history.
Now we can merge the upstream files and history from the
/lib folder to the target
git checkout master git merge upstream_lib git push origin HEAD
Update from upstream
Pull recent upstream repository master branch and re-split it to a new branch:
git checkout upstream_master git pull git subtree split --prefix=lib/ -b upstream_lib_YYYY.MM.DD
Merge the update:
git checkout master git merge upstream_lib_YYYY.MM.DD git push origin HEAD